Just Like most cancerous diseases, cervical cancer occurs when there is an uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells on the cervix. The cervix is that narrow lower part of the uterus opening into the vagina. The most likely location for the abnormal growth and development of these cells to take place is the transformation zone (T-zone) which is the area where the columnar cells meet. Research has shown that if found early through a Pap test, cervical cancer can be successfully treated at its early stage. It is one of the most common cancers in women all over the world but in countries where cervical cancer screening is routine like the Unites States, cervical cancer is not very common.
Cervical Cancer is mostly caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV) which can be contracted by sexual contact with someone who already has it. It should be noted that there are various types of HPV virus and not all types will cause cervical cancer with some causing genital warts and others not causing any symptoms at all.
At one time or the other, most adults have been infected with HPV but it may go away on its own or cause genital warts or cervical cancer. A pap test is used to find changes in cervical cells before they turn into cancer and so it is advisable to all women to go for regular Pap tests.
At the growth of the abnormal cervical cells, the changes caused by the growth rarely causes symptoms but some symptoms that will occur when the cell changes grow into cervical cancer include:
· Abnormal vaginal bleeding: This can include bleeding between menstrual periods, after menopause or after sex.
· Experiencing pain during sex
· Experiencing pain in the pelvis or lower belly
· Abnormal vaginal discharge.
· Bleeding after douching
· Bleeding after a pelvic exam
· Increased frequency in urine discharge
If you experience these signs and symptoms, it does not necessarily mean that you have cervical cancer as it could mean many other things so see your doctor to have a Pap test to be sure of your status.
Depending on how much the cancer has grown, there may be a need to have one or more treatments r combination of treatments. The treatment for most stages of cervical cancer includes:
· Surgery, which includes hysterectomy and the removal of pelvic lymph nodes that might require or may not require the removal of both ovaries and fallopian tubes.
· Radiation therapy
The best way to find cervical cell changes which can lead to cervical cancer is through Pap test. Having a regular Pap test will always show any cell changes before they have the chance to turn into cancer. If any abnormal cell changes are noticed after any of your Pap test, please follow up with your doctor on any treatment you might need to prevent it from growing into cervical cancer.
As the campaign goes, the best way to avoid contacting any sexually transmitted infection is to abstain and if you can’t then practice safe sex by using a condom and limiting your number of sex partners.
This is just a general overview of cervical cancer; please keep visiting this site as we would publish more detailed explanation about cervical cancer soon.